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Chronology and Bibliography of Ayn Rand's Works

Compiled by Todd H. Goldberg, M.D., Charleston, WV

Revised December 2009

This list was compiled during >20 years of study of the
philosophy & literature of Objectivism.  To the best of my
knowledge, my list of Rand's printed published works is
is complete and accurate, but I have not attempted to
thoroughly track all of the many other articles, audiovisual
materials, etc. about Rand, Objectivism, and related topics.
I am not an authorized spokesperson for Objectivism, my
employer, or any group. This work is my sole and full
responsibility and will be updated periodically.

This file is the only up to date and authorized version
of this work. This file has been officially posted only on my own web site,
formerly, then,
both sites of which are now discontinued by AOL and Yahoo.
My current personal website:

The HTML version of this list is now being hosted by the online
But please note: This file is simply posted as is by the ORC and is created
totally by me, I am totally responsible for the content, and neither myself
or the publisher of the ORC are responsible for each other's work or views.

Additionally please note: The hypertext version formerly created and
maintained by Lee Sandstead over 10 years ago is no longer available.


1905: Born Alisa (Alice) Zinovievna Rosenbaum in St.Petersburg,
         (Leningrad), Russia, 2 Feb.

1911-1914: Teaches self to read at age 6, at age of 9 decided to
        make fiction writing her career.

1917:         Lives through Russian Revolution, family pharmacy confiscated
        and family escapes to Crimea, where Rand finishes high school.

1924-25: Graduates from University of Petrograd (Leningrad).
        Studies screenwriting at State Institute for Cinema Arts.
        Work #"0"- Writes "Pola Negri" and "Hollywood: American
        City of Movies" (The Ayn Rand Institute recently
        rediscovered these early works written in Russian
        by Rand before she left Russia.  English translations
        published 1999, see #189.)

1926: Emigrates to USA; adopts name Ayn Rand; works in
        Hollywood for Cecille B. Demille as writer and extra.

        Work #1 - "The Husband I Bought" (first short story in
        English; unpublished until 1984 (see #181) but
        read on tape in NBI courses during 1960's).

1927:        #2 - "Good Copy" (prev. unpublished, reprinted #181).

1928-1932:  Odd jobs for RKO pictures.

1929: Marries Charles Francis (Frank) O'Connor in California.
        #3 - "Escort" (prev. unpubl. short story reprinted #181)
        #4 - "Her Second Career" (story, unpub. until 1984 #181).

1931: Becomes U.S. Citizen

1932:        #5 -"Red Pawn"(unproduced screenplay, reprinted #181).

1932-1944: Part time writer and scriptreader for
        Universal, Paramount, MGM; moves to NYC (1933-4).

1933:         #6 - "Penthouse Legend" (theatrical play first produced
        in Hollywood under the title "Woman on Trial" (1934)
        and on Broadway as "Night of January 16th" (1935);
        republished 1968, #101)

1934:         #7 - "Ideal" (unproduced play;unpubl. until 1984 #181
        but read on tape during NBI classes in 1960's)

1936:         #8 - We the Living (first novel; New York, Macmillan
        & Co.; revised ed., New York: Random House, 1959).

1937:        Works as typist in office of Eli Jacques Kahn,
        NY architect, while doing research for novel.

1938:         #9 - Anthem (London: Cassel and Company; revised ed.,
        Los Angeles: Pamphleteers, Inc., 1945)

1939:        #10 - "Think Twice" (unproduced play; unpub.'til 1984 #181)

1940: Works for election of conservative Presidential
        candidate Wendell Wilkie, disappointed by
        philosophical bankruptcy of American politics.
        #11 - "The Unconquered" (unpublished stage adaptation
                of We The Living; produced on Broadway in 1939;
                partial manuscript exists in NY Public Library)
        #12 - "The Simplest Thing in the World" (short story,
                never published until 11/67 in The Objectivist).

1942:        "Noi Vivi" (Italian film of "We The Living" #8)
        starring Rossano Brazzi, Alida Valli. (Restored &
        released USA 1989, avail. on video.)

1943:        #13 - The Fountainhead (New York: Bobbs-Merrill Co.)

1944:         #14 - "The Only Path to Tomorrow" (article in Readers
        Digest, Jan., pp. 88-90; originally written for
        Wilkie campaign in 1940; reprinted #185).

1944-1949: Moves to Chatsworth, California, to write script
        and supervise filming of The Fountainhead; works
        part time as contract screenwriter for Hal Wallis
        (films included "Love Letters" and "You Came Along").

1945: Illustrated strip of The Fountainhead appears in
        Hearst newspapers including Los Angeles Herald-
        Express, beginning 24 Dec., 30 installments,
        illustrated by comic strip artist Frank Godwin.
        (Reprinted as "The Illustrated Fountainhead"
        by Ayn Rand Institute, 1998.)

1946:        #15 - "Textbook of Americanism"
        (Article in Motion Picture Alliance for Preser-
        vation of American Ideals "Vigil" publication,
        Reprinted as pamphlet 1960's).

1947:         Testifies before House Un-American Activities
        Committee concerning Communist Party penetration
        in Hollywood (transcript reprinted in The
        Objectivist Forum, Aug. 1987,#188, Mayhew F32)
        #16 - "Screen Guide for Americans"
        (Article in Plain Talk, Nov., pp. 37-42; like #15
        written for MPAPAI, later reprinted as pamphlet
        and more recently in book #188)

1949:         Retires from Hollywood to devote herself full time to
        writing and lecturing after film version of The
        Fountainhead released by Warner Brothers.

1950-1957: Meets future associates (then students) Nathan
        Blumenthal and Barbara Wieden (later Nathaniel & Barbara
        Branden) in California (1950) and Leonard Peikoff in
        California (1951); Moves permanently to NYC (1951);
        works on final novel (1951-7).

1957: #17 - Atlas Shrugged (New York: Random House)

1958: Nathaniel Branden Lectures (later incorporated as
        Nathaniel Branden Institute (NBI)) begins first live and
        taped courses on "Basic Principles of Objectivism."
      Rand gives private lectures on fiction writing (later
        published as "The Art of Fiction", #193).       

1959: Mike Wallace Interviews Ayn Rand on TV (12 Mar, also 5/4/60; see F-36)
        (Available online along with numerous other great videos on youtube
        and several other websites including
        We The Living (#8) reissued in revised edition with
                new introduction by Rand.
        #18 - "Notes on the History of American Free Enterprise"
                (NBI pamphlet).

1960:   #19 - "Faith & Force: Destroyers of the Modern World"
                (first major public political/philosophical
                speech; delivered at several universities
                including Yale and Purdue; reprinted #180)
        #20 - "JFK -- High Class Beatnik?" (article in "Human
                Events", 1 Sept., pp. 393-394)
        #21 - "Conservatism: An Obituary" (speech delivered at
                Princeton University, 7 Dec.;reprinted #89).

1961:   #22 - For the New Intellectual: Philosophy of Ayn Rand
                (New York, Random House; includes original title
                essay plus passages from #8, 9, 13, 17)
        24 Mar - Dave Garroway interviews AR on "The Today Show"
                on the occasion of publication of FTNI.
        #23 - "The Objectivist Ethics" (speech delivered at
                University of Wisconsin Ethics symposium,
                9 Feb.; reprinted #72 only)
        #24 - "The Intellectual Bankruptcy of Our Age" (first
                speech delivered at Ford Hall Forum, Northeastern
                University, Boston, MA., 26 March; R=VOR #183)
        #25 - "America's Persecuted Minority: Big Business"
                (speech first given at FHF 17 Dec.; R= CUI #89).

1962: The Objectivist Newsletter (TON) begins (January);
        "Ayn Rand on Campus" radio series begins
        (WKCR, Columbia University, New York, 1 March - 1965);
        "Who Is Ayn Rand?" published by Nathaniel and Barbara
        Branden (New York: Random House; contains essay plus
        articles on literary, philosophic, and psychological
        aspects of Objectivism).
        #26 - "Choose Your Issues (TON Jan.)
        #27 - "Antitrust: the Rule of Unreason" (TON Feb.)
        #28 - "Have Gun, Will Nudge" (TON March)
        #29 - "Ten Thousand Commandments" (review of book by
                Harold Fleming; TON April)
        #30 - "How does one lead a rational life in an
                irrational society?" (TON April)
        #31 - "The Esthetic Vacuum of Our Age"
                (speech first given at Boston University,
                25 Apr.; reprinted TON Nov.)
        #32 - "Who Will Protect Us from Our Protectors?"
                (TON May)
        #33 - "Introducing Objectivism?" (first of series of
                columns which ran in Sunday Los Angeles Times,
                6/17-12/16/62; Reprinted #183, 185; see Appx. C)
        #34 - "The National Interest, c'est moi" (TON June)
        #35 - "Doesn't life require compromise?" (TON July)
        #36 - "Account Overdrawn" (TON July)
        #37 - "The 'Conflicts' of Men's Interests" (TON Aug.)
        #38 - "The Pull Peddlers" (TON Sept.)
        #39 - Introduction to a new edition of "Ninety-Three" by
                Victor Hugo (NY, Bantam Books; reprinted #111)
        #40 - "To Young Scientists" (TON Oct.)
        #41 - "Art as Sense of Life" (address given to
                American Society for Aesthetics, Cambridge, MA,
                26 Oct.; revised and published 1966 as #83)
        #42 - "The Monument Builders" (TON Dec.)
        #43 - "The Fascist New Frontier" (FHF speech 16 Dec.;
                Reprinted as pamphlet, currently unavail.).

1963:   #44 - "Collectivized Ethics" (TON Jan.)
        #45 - "The Ethics of Emergencies" (TON Feb.)
        #46 - "How Not to Fight Against Socialized Medicine"
                (talk given to the Ocean County Med. Soc.,
                NJ, 6 Feb.; reprints #183 and TON March)
        #47 - "Literature & Philosophy" (radio speech broadcast
                on "The Writer Speaks" series, various stations
                and cities, March-April)
        #48 - "The Money-Making Personality" (article in Cosmo-
                politan magazine, April, pp. 37-41; also taped
                as radio speech, reprinted TOF Feb 1983, #190)
        #49 - "Man's Rights" (TON April)
        #50 - "Aristotle" (review of J.H. Randall book,TON May)
        #51 - "Collectivized Rights" (TON June)
        #52 - "Vast Quicksands" (TON July)
        #53 - "Language of Dissent" (review of book by Lowell
                B. Mason, TON Aug.)
        #54 - "Racism" (TON Sept.)
        #55 - "Goal of My Writing" (address delivered at Lewis
                & Clark College, Portland Oregon, 1 Oct, on
                occasion of an honorary degree award; reprinted
                TON, Oct.-Nov.)
        #56 - "Is Atlas Shrugging?" (speech first given at
                Lewis & Clark College, 2 Oct.; repeated FHF,
                19 Apr. 1964; reprinted in TON Aug. 1964, CUI)
        #57 - "The Nature of Government" (TON Dec.)
        #58 - "The Brain Drain" (radio talk, ca. 1963).

1964:   #59 - "The Anatomy of Compromise" (TON Jan.).
        #60 - "The Forgotten Man of Socialized Medicine: The
                Doctor" (NBI pamphlet reprinting #46 and "Doctors
                and the Police State" (L. Peikoff, TON June 1962)
        #61 - "What would be the proper method of financing the
                government in a fully free society?" (TON Feb.)
        #62 - "Playboy's Interview with Ayn Rand" (Alvin Toffler,
                Playboy magazine, March, reprinted as pamphlet
                and in Playboy Interview compilations)
        #63 - "How to Judge a Political Candidate" (TON March)
        #64 - "The Property Status of Airwaves" (TON April)
        #65 - "Objectivist Position in Regard to Patents and
                Copyrights" (TON May)
        #66 - "The Cult of Moral Grayness" (TON June)
        #67 - "The Argument from Intimidation" (TON July)
        #68 - "Let Us Alone!" (Yale Political Magazine,
                Summer 1964 issue on "Government and Business in
                America", based on 8/5/62 LA Times column)
        #69 - "Extremism or The Art of Smearing" (TON Sept.)
        #70 -  Introduction to new edition of Isabel Patterson's         
                "God of the Machine" (1943 book reissued by
                Caxton Printers, Caldwell, Idaho, 1964, intro
                reprinted as book review in TON, Oct.)
        #71 - "It Is Earlier Than You Think" (TON, Dec.)
        #72 -  The Virtue of Selfishness (New York: New American
                Lib.; includes new intro essay plus reprints of
                plus five essays by Nathaniel Branden).

1965:   #73 - "Bootleg Romanticism" (TON Jan.)
        #74 - "Who is Final Authority in Ethics?" (TON Feb.)
        #75 - "Art and Moral Treason" (TON March)
        #76 - "The Psycho-Epistemology of Art" (TON April)
        #77 - "The New Fascism: Rule by Consensus" (lecture
                given at FHF 18 April; reprinted TON, CUI)
        #78 - "The Cashing-in:The Student Rebellion" (TON Jul-Sep)
        #79 - "The Obliteration of Capitalism" (TON Oct.)
        #80 - "What is Capitalism?"
                (TON Nov.-Dec.; FHF 11/19/67).

1966: The Objectivist(TO) begins (Jan.).
        #81 - "Altruism as Appeasement" (TO Jan.)
        #82 - "Philosophy and Sense of Life" (TO Feb.)
        #83 - "Art & Sense of Life" (TO March; revision of #41)
        #84 - "Ethics in Education" (lec. given 18 March at a
                Rutgers University symposium, based on #75)
        #85 - "Our Cultural Value-Deprivation" (lecture first
                given at FHF 10 April; TO April-May)
        #86 - "The Roots of War" (TO June)
        #87 - "The Question of Scholarships" (TO June)
        #88 - "Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology"
                (TO 7/66-2/67; series later reprinted as NBI
                 pamphlet and as paperback book (see #173,184)
        #89 - Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal (New York: New
                American Library; incl. original introduction and
                reprints of #18,21,25,38,49,56,57,59,64,65,
                68,69,77,79,80,86,92, 3 LA Times columns, plus
                addnl. articles by Greenspan, Hessen, Branden.)
        #90 - "Capuletti" (TO Dec.).

1967: Peak year for NBI, which holds Romantic Screen film
        series, organizes Objectivist psychotherapy referral
        svc., moves into Empire State Bldg., plans "NBI Thtr."
        (stage adaptation of Fountainhead, never completed).
        "Study Guide to Ethics of Objectivism" prepared by
        Peikoff (NY:NBI Press pamphlet;rev.ed. 1977 Palo Alto).
        Commentary, series of bi-weekly Rand radio programs,
        runs on WBAI, New York City; A.R. thrice on Tonight
        Show (8/11,10/26,12/13; see F-36).  Peikoff philosophy courses begin.
        #91 - "Wreckage of the Consensus" (lecture first given
                at FHF, 16 April; printed TO April-May, R=CUI)
        #92 - "Requiem for Man" (TO July-Sept.; Reprinted #89)
        #93 - Introduction to a new edition of Calumet K (1901)
                by Merwin-Webster (NBI Press,1967; reissued by
                Palo Book Service, 1983; TO Oct.)
        #94 - Intro to a new edition of The Man Who Laughs
                by Victor Hugo (New York: NBI Press; TO Oct.).

1968: Foundation for New Intellectual announced (March);
        Brandens repudiated, NBI disbands; Peikoff becomes
        associate editor of Objectivist and chief associate/heir
        of Ayn Rand; Rand appears on Today Show, NBC-TV (July).
        #95 - "If I Were President" (McCall's Magazine,
                Jan., containing responses of Rand and 15 other
                prominent women to this question)
        #96 - Introduction to 25th anniversary edition of
                The Fountainhead (Reprinted TO March)
        #97- "To Whom It May Concern" (TO March)
        #98 - "The Presidential Candidates, 1968" (TO June)
        #99 - "A Statement of Policy" (TO June)
        #100- "Basic Principles of Literature" (TO July-Aug.;
                based on a previous lecture, "Esthetics of
                Literature," from NBI "Basic Principles" course)
        #101-  Night of January 16th (New York: New American
                Library; rev. version of #6,with new introduction
                by Rand (TO Apr.))
        #102- "Of Living Death" (lecture first given at FHF,
                8 Dec.; printed in TO, Sept.-Nov, R=VOR)
        #103- "Brief Comments on Apollo 8" (TO Nov.)
        #104- "Answer to Readers About A Woman President"
                (TO Dec).

1969:   #105- "Inexplicable Personal Alchemy" (AKA "For Three
                Minutes I Felt Free") (TO Jan.)
        #106- "Brief Comments" on the Pueblo Case and New
                 York State abortion laws (TO Feb.)
        #107- "Brief Comments" re: student violence (TO March)
        #108- "What is Romanticism?" (TO May-July)
        #109- "The War of Liberation in Hollywood" (TO June)
        #110- "Apollo 11" (TO Sept.)
        #111-  The Romantic Manifesto: Philosophy of Literature
                (New York: World Publishing Co.; incl. original
                introductory essay (TO Aug.) and reprints of #12,
                31, 39, 55, 73, 75, 82, 83 ,100 ,108, 122).
        #112- "Apollo and Dionysus" (FHF lecture 11/9;
                TO 12/69; R=TNL).

1970:   #113- "The Left: Old and New" (TO Feb.)
        #114- "Kant versus Sullivan" (TO March)
        #115- "Brief Comments" on political crimes (TO May)
        #116- "The New Left Represents an Intellectual Vacuum"
                (part of New York Times Magazine symposium on the
                question "Are We in the Middle of the Second
                American Revolution?", 17 May)
        #117- "The Chickens' Homecoming" (TO June)
        #118- "Causality versus Duty" (TO July)
        #119- "The Comprachicos" (TO Aug.- Dec.; R #126)
        #120- "The Anti-Industrial Revolution" (FHF lecture
                1 Nov.; printed in TO Jan.-Feb. 1971).

1971:   #121- "Psychology of 'Psychologizing'" (TO March)
        #122- "Art and Cognition" (TO April-June)
        #123- "Why I Like Stamp Collecting" (Minkus Stamp
                 Journal, Spring 1971, pp. 2-5; Reprinted #185)
        #124- "The Age of Envy" (TO July-Aug.)
        #125- "Brief Summary" (TO Sept.; last issue)
        #126- The New Left: The Anti-Industrial Revolution (New
                York: New American Library; reprints #78,105,112,
                113, 115, 116, 117, 119, 120,124).(Later revised edition=#192)
        The Objectivist ceases publication (Sept.).
        The Ayn Rand Letter (ARL) commences (11 Oct.).
        #127- "Credibility and Polarization" (ARL 11 Oct.)
        #128- "The Moratorium on Brains" (ARL 25 Oct.-8 Nov.;
                read at FHF, 14 Nov.)
        #129- "Don't Let it Go" (ARL 22 Nov.-6 Dec.)
        #130- "Disenfranchisement of the Right" (ARL 20 Dec.).

1972:   Interviewed by Edwin Newman, Speaking Freely, NBC-TV (date?)
        Available in F-36 and online at
        #131- "What Can One Do?" (ARL 3 Jan.)
        #132- "Stimulus and Response"(ARL 17 Jan-28 Feb)
        #133- "Tax-Credits for Education" (ARL 13 March)
        #134- "The Shanghai Gesture" (ARL 27 March - 24 April)
        #135- "Establishing an Establishment" (ARL 8-22 May)
        #136- "Fairness Doctrine for Education" (ARL 5-19 June)
        #137- "The Dead End" (ARL 3 July)
        #138- "Representation w/o Authorization" (ARL 17 Jul)
        #139- "A Preview of the Democratic Convention" (ARL
                31 July - 28 Aug.)
        #140- "An Open Letter to Boris Spassky" (ARL 11 Sept.)
        #141- "How To Read (And Not to Write)" (ARL 25 Sept.)
        #142- "A Nation's Unity" (ARL 9 Oct.; FHF 22 Oct.)
        #143- "Do Our Tax Laws Need a Shakeup?" (article in
                Saturday Review, Nov. 1972, pp. 45-52).

1973:   #144- "To Dream the NonCommercial Dream" (ARL 1 Jan.)
        #145- "Epitaph for a Culture" (ARL 15 Jan.)
        #146- "An Untitled Letter" (ARL 29 Jan.-26 Feb)
        #147- "The Metaphysical vs. the Man-Made" (ARL 3/12-26)
        #148- "Brothers, You Asked For It!" (ARL 9-23 Apr.)
        #149- "The Missing Link" (ARL 7-21 May)
        #150- "Selfishness Without a Self" (ARL 4 June)
        #151- "The Principals and the Principles"
                (ARL 18 June - 16 July).
        #152- "Censorship: Local and Express" (ARL 13 Aug.-
                10 Sept. / FHF 21 Oct.)
        #153- "Thought Control" (ARL 24 Sept.-22 Oct.)
        #154- "The Energy Crisis" (ARL 5 Nov. - 19 Nov.)
        #155- Introduction and postscript to "America's
                Philosophic Origins" (excerpt from The Ominous
                Parallels by Leonard Peikoff) (ARL 3 - 17 Dec.)
        #156- "Philosophy - Who Needs It?"
                (ARL 12/31/73-1/14/74; address given to graduating
                class at West Point, NY, 3/6/74. R=PWNI).

1974:   #157- "Philosophical Detection" (ARL 1/28-2/11)
        #158- "Ideas v. Goods" (ARL 25 Feb.)
        #159- "Moral Inflation" (ARL 11 Mar. - 8 Apr.)
        #160- "Ideas v. Men" (ARL 22 Apr.)
        #161- Introduction and postscript to "Pragmatism versus
                America" (excerpt from The Ominous Parallels by
                Peikoff (ARL 6-20 May)
        #162  "Egalitarianism and Inflation" (ARL 3 June -
                1 July / FHF 20 Oct. R=ARL,PWNI)
        #163- "The Inverted Moral Priorities" (ARL 15 July).
        #164- "Hunger and Freedom" (ARL 29 July)
        #165- "Cashing in on Hunger" (ARL 12 Aug.).

1974-75: Rand ill with lung cancer; ARL changes from bi-
        weekly to monthly (irregular); Peikoff begins new
        series of lectures on "Philosophy of Objectivism."

1975:   #166- "Lessons of Vietnam"(ARL 8/26/74-9/9/74 (5/75)
        #167- "From My Future File" (ARL 9/23/74 (June 1975))
        #168- "From the Horse's Mouth" (ARL Oct.)
        #169- "A Last Survey" (ARL 11/75 - 2/76).

1976: Ayn Rand Letter discontinued due to her illness.
        Rand participates in forum on "Limits of Government"
        sponsored by the National Town Meeting's Bicentennial
        Series (Jan.).
        #170- "The Moral Factor" (FHF speech 11 April, R=pamphlet).

1977: Testimonial at Ford Hall Forum.
        #171- "Global Balkanization" (FHF speech 4/10; R=VOR).

1978: #172- "Cultural Update" (Talk given at FHF 16 April;
        reviews all previous FHF speeches, R=pamphlet).

1979: Appears on Phil Donohue (May) and Tomorrow (Tom
        Snyder, 2 July) TV shows. (dates? These and numerous other
        great videos on youtube and several other websites including
        The Intellectual Activist and Raymond Newman Journal begin (newsletter and radio
        show analyzing current events and political trends from
        Objectivist viewpoint); Frank O'Connor dies (Nov.).
        #173- Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology
                (New York: New American Library; paperback
                reprint of #88 and "The Analytic-Synthetic
                Dichotomy" by Peikoff).

1980: The Objectivist Forum (TOF) begins publication (Feb.;
        ran until 1987); Rand appears on Raymond Newman
        Journal radio show NYC (Oct.; R= F-36) and again on Tom Snyder
        (date? Available online along with numerous other great videos on youtube
        and several other websites including
        #174- "To The Reader" (intro to 1st issue of TOF)
        #175- "Ayn Rand Comments" on boycotting Russian
                Olympics (TIA, 1 Feb.)
        #176- "Interview with Ayn Rand" in TOF (June-Aug.).

1981:   #177- "The Age of Mediocrity" (FHF 26 Apr.;TOF June)
        #178- "The Sanction of the Victims" (lecture given to
                National Committee for Monetary Reform, New
                New Orleans, LA, 18 Nov.; Rand's last major public
                appearance; speech repeated by Peikoff FHF
                4/25/82, reprinted TOF 11/82, VOR #183).

1982: Ayn Rand dies of heart failure in NY City, 6 March,
        buried Valhalla, NY.



1982:        #179- Introduction to The Ominous Parallels by Leonard
                Peikoff (New York: Stein & Day)(Paperback ed.,
                1983, labeled as Vol. 3 of "Ayn Rand Library").
        #180- Philosophy: Who Needs It? (New York: Bobbs-
                Merrill; last work planned by Rand before her
                death; Vol. 1 of "Ayn Rand Library" includes
                introduction by Peikoff and reprints

1984:        #181- The Early Ayn Rand (New York:New American Lib.;
        edited and with an introduction and notes by
        Leonard Peikoff; Vol. 2 of the A.R. Library;
        includes first publications of #1,2,3,4,5,7,10
        and previously unpublished excerpts from early
        manuscripts of We The Living and Fountainhead).

1985: Ayn Rand Institute opens in California.

1986: The Ayn Rand Lexicon: Objectivism from A to Z (New
        York: New American Library; alphabetical compilation
        of key Objectivist statements and positions on
        several hundred topics in philosophy and related
        fields; edited by Harry Binswanger, introduction by
        Peikoff. Labeled as Vol. 4 of A.R.L.; Not numbered
        as one of Rand's own works.)

1987: #182- "The Rational Faculty" (pamphlet printing for
        first time an essay from Rand's personal journals
        of 1945; issued in conjunction with new bound
        volums of TON, TO, and ARL by TIA Publications).

1989: #183- Voice of Reason: Essays in Objectivist Thought
        (New York: New American Library; edited and with
        intro and additional articles by Peikoff.
        Reprints #24,27,33,38,40,46,50,74,81,85,87,102,
        178, Peikoff FHF speeches #1-6. Vol. 5 A.R.L.).

1990: #184- Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology,
        Expanded Second Edition (New York: Meridian;
        edited by Peikoff and Harry Binswanger; reprints
        #88/173 and previously unpublished transcripts
        of 1969-71 workshops on Objectivist epistemology).

1991: "Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand" published
        by Leonard Peikoff (NY: Dutton/Penguin Books; Vol.
        6 A.R.L.).

1992: #185- The Ayn Rand Columns (Oceanside, CA: Second
        Rensaissance Books; reprints of 1962 L.A. Times
        columns written by Rand (See Appendix).  Expanded
        2nd Edition, 1998.  Also includes other previously
        unreprinted essays including #14,15,43,123).

        35th Anniversary edition of Atlas Shrugged (#17)
        (New York: New American Library ; new intro
        by Peikoff with excerpts from Rand's preparatory
        notes for the book).

1993: 50th Anniversary edition of The Fountainhead (#13)
        (New York: New American Library ; contains new
        afterword by Peikoff).

1995: #186 - The Letters of Ayn Rand (New York: Dutton;
        Ed. Michael S. Berliner, Intro. L. Peikoff).

        50th Anniversary edition of Anthem (#9)
        (New York: Dutton/Signet; contains new intro
        and appendix by Leonard Peikoff).

        #187 - Ayn Rand's Marginalia (New Milford, CT:
        Second Renaissance Books; Ed. Robert Mayhew;
        her critical comments on other authors' writings.)

1996:        60th Anniversary edition of We The Living (#8)
        (New York: Signet; contains new intro by Peikoff).

1997:        #188 - Journals of Ayn Rand (New York:Dutton;
        Ed. David Harriman, Foreward by L. Peikoff).

1998:        "Ayn Rand: A Sense of Life" Film Documentary and
        Companion Book by M. Paxton (Layton UT:
        Gibbs-Smith Publ.).

1999:        #189 - "Ayn Rand: Russian Writings on Hollywood" (ARI
        Press.  Ed. Michael Berliner.  First of a series from
        the Ayn Rand Archives.  Includes "Pola Negri" and
        "Hollywood: American City of Movies", #0, from 1925).
        #190 - "Why Businessmen Need Philosophy" by Ayn Rand.
        (ARI Press, Ed. R. Ralston, Title Essay by L. Peikoff.
        Reprints 2 essays by A.R. (#48 and a brief newly re-
        discovered piece "An Answer to Businessmen" from 1962),
        plus other essays by H. Binswanger, E. Locke,
        J. Ridpath, R. Salsman, J. Woiceshyn).
        #191 - "The Ayn Rand Reader" (NY: Plume Books; Ed.
        Gary Hull & L. Peikoff, includes representative
        excerpts from A.R.'s novels and non-fiction works.)
        #192 - "Return of the Primitive: The Anti-Industrial
        Revolution" (NY: Meridian Books; Ed. by Peter Schwartz.
        Revised edition of "The New Left" #126, with additional
        essays by Schwartz).
        #193 - "The Art of Fiction: A Guide for Writers and
        Readers" (NY: Plume; Ed. by Tore Boeckmann, Intro.
        by L. Peikoff).
2001:        #194 - "The Art of Nonfiction: A Guide for Writers and
        Readers" (NY: Plume: Ed. Robert Mayhew, Intro.
        by P. Schwartz).
2005:        #195 - "Three Plays: Centennial Edition" (NY: Plume).
        Includes Night of Jan. 16th, Ideal & Think Twice (#7,10,101)
        #196 - "Ayn Rand Answers: The Best of Her Q&A" (NY:New American
        Library; Ed. Robert Mayhew).

In addition, since 1983, TOF, TIA, and other Objectivist
publications have reprinted other excerpts from Rand's
early/unpublished diaries, notes, speeches, etc., including:

"Ayn Rand's Philosophic Journal/Notes" (TOF 8/83,8/84)
"Ayn Rand's Notes for The Fountainhead" (TOF Dec. 1984)
"Ayn Rand's Speech to Architects" (TOF Dec. 1985)
"Ayn Rand's HUAC Testimony" (TOF Aug. 1987)
"The Rational Faculty" (1987 pamphlet listed above as #182)
"Ayn Rand's Notes for Atlas Shrugged" (TOF 12/83, 4/84,
        TIA, Jan. 1992)
"Ayn Rand about Indians" (TIA, Sept. 1992)
"Notes on Scene in Roark's Apartment" (TIA, Jan. 1993)
"Ayn Rand's Letters to the Editor" (TIA, March 1996)
"Notes on the Fountainhead" (TIA, Jan. 1997)
(Several such items further collected in #188).


(Most reprinted as pamphlets, in books and journals, and
available on tape/CD from Second Renaissance, now known as
The Ayn Rand Bookstore,  Many also
available online at Ayn Rand Institute web site:

1)  "The Intellectual Bankruptcy of Our Age" (3/26/61;
2)  "America's Persecuted Minority: Big Business"
        (12/17/61; R=CUI).
3)  "The Fascist New Frontier" (12/16/62).
4)  "Is Atlas Shrugging?" (4/19/64; R=TON,CUI).
5)  "The New Fascism: Rule by Consensus" (4/18/65;
6)  "Our Cultural Value-Deprivation" (4/10/66; R=TO).
7)  "The Wreckage of the Consensus" (4/16/67; R=TO,CUI).
8)  "Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal" ("What is Capitalism?")
        (11/19/67; R=TON,CUI).
9)  "Of Living Death" (12/8/68; R=TO, VOR).
10) "Apollo and Dionysus" (11/9/69; R=TO,TNL).
11) "The Anti-Industrial Revolution" (11/1/70; R=TO,TNL).
12) "The Moratorium on Brains" (11/14/71; R=ARL).
13) "A Nation's Unity" (10/22/72; R=ARL).
14) "Censorship: Local and Express" (10/21/73; R=ARL,PWNI).
15) "Egalitarianism and Inflation" (10/20/74; R=ARL,PWNI).
16) "The Moral Factor" (4/11/76; R=pamphlet only)
17) "Global Balkanization" (4/10/77; R=VOR).
18) "Cultural Update" (4/16//78; R=pamphlet only).
19) "The Age of Mediocrity" (4/26/81; R=TOF).
20) "The Sanction of the Victims" (4/25/82; written by Rand
        and read by L. Peikoff after her death; R=TOF, VOR).
Remainder of FHF speeches are by Leonard Peikoff and Yaron Brook:
21) "Assault  from the Ivory Tower: The Professors' War on
        America"(4/24/83; R=TOF, VOR).
22) "The American School: Why Johnny Can't Think" (4/15/84;
        R=TOF, VOR).
23) "Medicine: Death of a Profession" (4/14/85; R=TOF, VOR).
24) "Religion vs. America" (4/20/86; R=TOF, VOR).
25) "My 30 Years with Ayn Rand: An Intellectual Memoir"
        (4/26/87;  R=TOF, VOR).
26) "Why Should One Act On Principle?" (4/24/88; R=TIA 2/89).
26) "Certainty and Happiness: Achieving Success in Thought
        and Action" (4/23/89; R=TIA).
27) "Philosophy & the Real World Out There" (12/2/90;R=TIA 3/92).
28) "Some Notes About Tomorrow" (4/26/92; R=TIA 7/92).
29) "Modernism and Madness" (11/7/93; R=TIA 11/94).
30) "What to Do About Crime" (4/23/95;R=TIA 9/95).
31) "A Philosopher Looks at the O.J. Verdict" (4/21/96; R=TIA 7/96).
32) "A Picture is Not an Argument" (11/22/98; R=TIA 2/99).
33) "The One In the Many" (4/9/2001).
34) "America Vs Americans (4/6/2003). (As of 2009, this and
several additional ARI lectures by Yaron Brook available online
35) "Why the Forward Strategy of Freedom Had to Fail" (10/22/06, Yaron Brook)
36) "Apollo and Dionysus Revisted/Woodstock's Legacy" (5/8/2008, Yaron Brook)


(Note: These ran in the Los Angeles Sunday Times, reprinted
#185; a few also reprinted in other periodicals & books.)

1)  6/17/62 - "Ayn Rand Ties Her Beliefs to Today's World"
        (R=#183,185, TON, as "Introducing Objectivism")
2)  6/24/62 - "Peace Groups Help Dictators But Not Peace"
        (R=TON, as "War and Peace")
3)  7/1/62 - "Promises to Parasites Fail to Bring Results"
4)  7/8/62 - "Statists Attack TV, Aspire to Rule by Force"
        (R=TON, as "The New Enemies of the Untouchables")
5)  7/15/62 - "Only Principle Stands in Way of State Rule"
6)  7/22/62 - "Statism is Only Victor in Cold Civil War"
7)  7/29/62 - "How Long Can the U.S. Press Remain Free?"
8)  8/5/62 - "Laissez-Faire Today Means 'De-Control'"
        (R=CUI, as "Let Us Alone!)
9)  8/12/62 - "Party X Would Wage War on Tax Inequity"
10) 8/19/62 - "Joy-Crushing Society Caused Marilyn Death"
        (R=183 and TON, as "Through Your Most Grievous Fault")
11) 8/26/62 - "Public Does Think, Letters Demonstrate"
12) 9/2/62 - "Intellectuals Loathe Popular Values in Art"
        (R=TON, as Review of "The Girl Hunters")
13) 9/9/62 - "Foreign Policy Drains U.S. of Main Weapon"
14) 9/16/62 - "Victor Hugo Allows Peak at Grandeur"
        (R=TON, as Review of "Ninety-Three")
15) 9/23/62 - "True Freedom? It's Hard Work"
        (R=CUI as "Blind Chaos")
16) 9/30/62 - "Naive Errors Injure Cause of Capitalism"
        (R=CUI, as "The Man-Haters")
17) 10/7/62 -"Absurd Chatter of Candidates Reflects Voters"
18) 10/14/62 - "Collectivism's Failure Proven"
19) 10/21/62 - "British 'National Socialists' Deceive
        American Liberals"
(No 10/28/62 column in LA Times)
20) 11/4/62  -"Nation's Political System Paramount Concern"
21) 11/11/62 - "U.S. Position on Cuba Endangered by U.N."
22) 11/18/62 - "No Victories in Elections No Goals at Stake"
23) 11/25/62 - "Cuba Crisis Not Right Time for Kennedy Visit
        to Ballet"
24) 12/2/62 - "Hiss Affair Poses Morals Question"
25) 12/9/62 - "What Made Kennedy Take Word of Man He Called
26) 12/16/62 - "TV's 'Cyrano' Shows Decline".


(Selected list of major items of which I am aware, but
it is impossible to compile a complete list of everything
in this category. A good list appears in "Ayn Rand: First
Descriptive Bibliography (Appendix F). Many currently
unavailable, a good selection listed by ARI/Ayn Rand Bookstore).
The 2009 book "Objectively Speaking: Ayn Rand Interviewed" reprints
some of these interviews (See Appendix #F-36).

"Ayn Rand on Campus" radio series  (WKCR, Columbia
        University, New York, 1962 - 1966) (19 of these
        topics were printed in "Ayn Rand Interviewed" (F-36);
        unknown how many total interviews exist or if this is all).
"Basic Principles of Objectivism" (tape course by Nathaniel
        Branden Institute, 1960's)
"Literature and Philosophy" (Radio speech listed as #47)
"Commentary",series of bi-weekly Rand radio programs,
        runs on WBAI, New York, ~1965-9
"The Tonight Show w/Johnny Carson": Rand appeared 3 times in 1967
        (8/11/67,10/26/67 and 12/13/67) (Reprinted 2009, #F-36)
"The Today Show": Rand appeared, NBC-TV, May &/or July, 1968
"The Phil Donohue Show": Rand appeared May 1979 & May 1980
(*Note - Tomorrow Show and Phil Donohue Appearances available on YouTube).
"The Tomorrow Show": Rand interviewed by Tom Snyder, NBC-TV, July 2, 1979
"The Raymond Newman Journal" radio/cable TV show, NYC: Rand
        appeared twice in Nov. 1980
"Lectures on Fiction Writing" (13-lecture taped course by
        Rand, 1960's)
"The Philosophy Of Objectivism" (tape course by Leonard
        Peikoff, ca. 1976; Ayn Rand participated in some Q&As).


Include: #11 ("The Unconquered"),
18 ("Notes on History of American Free Enterprise"),
20 ("JFK High Class Beatnik"),47 ("Literature and Philosophy"),
58 ("Brain Drain"),143 ("Tax Laws Need Shakeup"), and several
other magazine articles, interviews and letters cited in
"Ayn Rand: First Descriptive Bibliography"; See Appendix F #13).
(I have copies of some of these from earlier pamphlet reprints
or xeroxes from libraries etc, but they do not appear to be
generally available through the usual commercial sources.)


Additional new authorized biographies of Ayn Rand by Richard Ralston
and Shoshana Milgram have been announced as forthcoming.

Finally , new movie/TV versions of "The Fountainhead"
and "Atlas Shrugged" are reportedly being planned.


(DISCLAIMER: I believe it to be useful for bibliographic/
historical/informational purposes to list all of the
major books I have heard of by other authors which primarily
concern Ayn Rand and Objectivism. This is not necessarily
a complete, representative, or up to date list, nor am I
attempting to track or list privately circulated pamphlets,
magazine articles, or books or chapters which are only
partially about Ayn Rand or Objectivism.  This would be 
virtually impossible as there are innumerable references
to Ayn Rand in the media from time to time.  Also I must
make it very clear that although these works may contain
useful or interesting information or discussions, I have
not read or seen them all myself, they vary greatly in 
approach from positive and worthwhile to irrational and

1)  Branden, Barbara and Branden, Nathaniel.  Who Is Ayn
Rand? New York: Random House, 1962/Paperback Library, 1964.
2)  Ellis, Albert.  Is Objectivism a Religion?  New York:
Lyle Stuart, 1968.
3)  Lepanto, Paul.  Return to Reason.  New York:Exposition
Press, 1971.
4)  O'Neill, William.  With Charity Toward None: An Analysis
of Ayn Rand's Philosophy.  NY: Philosophical Lib., 1971.
5)  Tuccille, Jerome.  It Usually Begins with Ayn Rand.  New
York:  Stein and Day, 1971.
6)  Robbins, John W.  Answer to Ayn Rand: A Critique of the
Philosophy of Objectivism.  Washington, DC: Mt. Vernon Pub.
Co., 1974.
7)  Den Uyl, Douglas, and Rasmussen, Douglas, eds.  The
Philosophic Thought of Ayn Rand.  Chicago: U. of Illinois
Press, 1984.
8)  Gladstein, Mimi R.  The Ayn Rand Companion.  Westport,
Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984.  Revised & Expanded Edition, 1999.
9)  Branden, Barbara.  The Passion of Ayn Rand.  Garden City,
NY: Doubleday and Co., 1986.  Made into Cable TV Movie, 1999.
10) Baker, James T.  Ayn Rand.  Twaynes Publisher Series, 1987.
11) Branden, Nathaniel.  Judgment Day: My Years with Ayn Rand.
Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1989.  2nd Ed., 1999.
12) Hammel, Virginia.  In Defense of Ayn Rand.  Brookline MA:
New Beacon Pubs., 1990.
13) Perinn, Vincent.  Ayn Rand First Descriptive Bibliography.
Rockville MD: Quill & Brush, 1990.
14) Merrill, Ronald E.  The Ideas of Ayn Rand. LaSalle,
Illinois: Open Court Publishing Co., 1991.
15) Binswanger, Harry.  Ayn Rand's Life: Highlights & 
Sidelights.  (Audiotape). Second Renaissance, 1994.
16) Sciabarra, Chris M.  Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical.
University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 1995.
17) Robbins JW.  Without A Prayer: Ayn Rand and the Close
of her System.  Hobbs NM: Trinity Foundation, 1997.
18) Erickson P.  The Stance of Atlas: An Examination of the
Philosophy of Ayn Rand.  Herakles Pubs., 1997.
19) Walker J.  The Ayn Rand Cult.  Open Court Pub. Co., 1999.
20) Gladstein MR, Sciabarra C.  Feminist Interpretations of
Ayn Rand. University Park, PA: Penn State Univ Press, 1999.
21) Porter T.  Ayn Rand's Theory of Knowledge: A Commentary. 1999.
22) Tuccille J.  It Still Begins With Ayn Rand. Pulpless Inc. 1999.
23) Den Uyl DJ.  The Fountainhead: An American Novel (Twayne's
Masterwork Studies No. 169).  Twayne Pub., 1999.
24) Gotthelf A.  On Ayn Rand.  Belmont CA: Wadsworth Philosophers
Series, Jan. 2000.
25) Machan TR.  Ayn Rand (Masterworks in the Western Tradition,
Vol. 5).  Peter Lang Pub., March 2000.
26) Torres L, Kamhi MM.  What Art Is: The Esthetic Theory of
Ayn Rand.  Open Court Pub., April 2000.
27) Yang MB. Reconsidering Ayn Rand.  Enclair Publ., 2000.
28) Mary Ann & Charles Sure.  Facets of Ayn Rand.  ARI Press, 2001.
29) Donna Greiner, Theodore B. Kinni. Ayn Rand and
Business.  WW Norton & Co., 2001.
30) York A. From the Fountainhead to the Future and other Essays in
Art and Excellence.  Americana Renaissance, 2000.
31) Mayhew R.  Essays on Ayn Rand's We the Living.  Lexington Books, 2004.
32) Mayhew R.  Ayn Rand and Song of Russia.  Scarecrow Press, 2004.
33) Britting J.  Ayn Rand.  Overlook Press, 2004.
34) Valliant JS.  The Passion of Ayn Rand's Critics.  Durban House, 2005.
35) Bernstein A. Objectivism in One Lesson.  Hamilton Books, 2008.
36) Bernstein A.  Ayn Rand for Beginners, 2009.
37) Podritske M, Schwartz P, Eds.  Objectively Speaking: Ayn Rand Interviewed.
Lanham MD: Lexington Books, 2009.
38) Heller AC.  Ayn Rand and the World She Made.  Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2009.
39) Burns J.  Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right. New York:
Oxford Univ. Press, 2009.

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